Harry Bibbing came to Britain as a child during the Holocaust and gave talks for more than 20 years

Holocaust survivor and educational speaker Harry Bibring has died just a day after giving a talk.  Mr Bibring, 93, had worked as a Holocaust educator for more than 20 years during his retirement in the UK.

Originally from Austria, he and his sister were among 10,000 Jewish child refugees evacuated to Britain before the outbreak of World War Two. Last year he was awarded a British Empire Medal for his services to Holocaust education.

"We will miss him terribly," said Karen Pollock, chief executive of the Holocaust Educational Trust. "We will do all we can to ensure his story and legacy continue to be shared across the country."

He was born in 1925 in Austria's capital, Vienna. His family ran a clothing business but their shop was destroyed in November 1938 during the so-called Kristallnacht (German: "Night of Broken Glass") attacks in Nazi Germany, which by then had incorporated Austria. Over two days, at least 91 Jewish people were killed and an estimated 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps at Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen.

Harry's father was among those arrested but he was later released from prison. After Kristallnacht, Harry's parents arranged for him and his sister to flee by train to the UK where they would be sponsored by a family friend.

They and thousands of child refugees from continental Europe came to Britain under the Kindertransport (German: "children's transport") - a rescue effort organised by the UK shortly before the outbreak of World War Two.  One in twenty adults do not believe Holocaust took place. His parents hoped to join them in the UK, but Harry's father died of a heart attack in 1940 and his mother was killed two years later at Sobibor concentration camp in German-occupied Poland.

Harry later moved out of his sponsor's house and found work as a mechanic's apprentice until the end of the war. By 1958 he had three degrees and worked as an engineer, and later he taught engineering until he retired in 1991.
In retirement, Mr Bibring worked with Jewish charities and gave hundreds of talks to schools and universities about the Holocaust. He made his final appearance at a school on Wednesday, just a day before his death.

In a statement, World Jewish Relief paid tribute in a tweet. Last month, Mr Bibring attended the burial at Bushey New Cemetery of six unknown Jews killed in Auschwitz. In an interview with the Jewish Chronicle, Mr Bibring said the event was "the most moving day of all time".

"It means to me that I have now buried my mother and my father, which I have never been able to do, 70 years late." --BBCi


French resistance fighter Georges Loinger, whose bravery and invention saved hundreds of Jewish children in World War Two, has died aged 108. His death was announced by France's Holocaust Memorial Foundation.

Born in Strasbourg to a Jewish family, he was captured by the Nazis in 1940 but escaped.
One of the methods he used to save children was to take them to the Swiss border, then kick a football over the frontier and get them to chase it.  "I spotted a football pitch that was on the border. It was made up of fences two-and-a-half metres high. I saw that there was nobody," he said. "I made the children play, I told some of them to lift up the fences and I passed the ball."

Loinger was serving in the French army when he was caught in 1940 but his blond hair and blue eyes apparently concealed the fact he was Jewish from his German captors and this enabled his escape from a prisoner of war camp.  Returning to France during the war he joined an aid agency trying to help Jewish children whose parents had been killed or sent to concentration camps.  Another method he used involved dressing children as mourners and taking them to a cemetery on the French-Swiss border, where they would climb up a gravedigger's ladder to neutral territory.  He is thought to have saved more than 350 children. Loinger's cousin was another French resistance fighter, the mime artist Marcel Marceau.--BBCi


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          Rosenbaum and Prince recently with the baby

BEIT SHEMESH -- Three volunteer women assisted in a home birth in Beit Shemesh that took less than 10 minutes.  At 4:48 a.m on Sunday morning, United Hatzalah volunteers in Beit Shemesh were alerted to an emergency via the Health Ministry’s new application.

Two volunteers from the women’s unit of the organization as well as one volunteer from the midwives unit rushed to the scene to assist a woman in active labor.
The incident took place very close to where the responders lived and the first responder was in the door in less than 90 seconds. The women were Elky Grossman and Ruthie Prince, and the midwife was Allison Rosenbaum.
Another EMT arrived and received an update from dispatch that the ambulance was coming from Jerusalem. After relaying the information to the women, he stepped outside of the room and let the women do their work in assisting the mother.  
The woman a well as her husband were a bit panicked as they had hoped to deliver the baby in the hospital, but seeing as the ambulance would not be arriving for a while and that the baby was progressing, the birth needed to happen at home.
Elky Grossman said after the incident: “It was an amazing experience for us as volunteers as well as the mother.

From the time we received the call, it took less than five minutes to have three women, professionals in assisting in these incidents at the bedside of the mother including a fully trained midwife. It was a very good thing we were able to arrive so fast because by 5:00 a.m. the baby was born and the ambulance was still 20 minutes away.”
 “This was the first time that I had been present at a birth from the beginning to the end with a midwife in the field. It was a very moving experience for me to have an entire team of women helping this woman deliver a baby. We worked well together and each person knew their place and what was needed. To be able to be there for this woman in the critical moments that mattered most is something that gave me a great feeling. It’s a great way to start one’s week, even though I got to work today exhausted this morning,” Ruthie Printz said.
Allison Rosenbaum who works as a Midwife in Assuta Ashdod and assists in between 10-20 births per week headed the team. Rosenbaum said:

“The thing that nicest was that it was a team of women helping the mother. It gave a sense of calm to the mother that we were able to be there and help her. My main goal is to make sure that the babies and mothers are okay and healthy. Today’s birth was fairly straightforward and we were happy to be there to assist especially as it took so long for the ambulance to arrive," she said.

Rosenbaum is very experienced in the field of emergency births at home. In her 16 years in Beit Shemesh, she has assisted in delivering over 100 babies.

“Beit Shemesh is fairly far from any hospital and has a young population who are having babies and many of whom don’t have cars. Often people are reluctant to call an ambulance if the labor is a false alarm because they don’t want to be hit with a bill afterward. Put all of those factors together and you end up with a community that has a lot of home births.” She concluded by making a plea for the construction of a hospital in the city. “Having a hospital in the city would solve a lot of problems that arise and it could certainly benefit the people of this city," she said.   
Gitty Beer head of United Hatzalah’s Women’s Unit was thrilled with the news when she woke up this morning.

“It is precisely for situations like this that the women’s unit and the Midwives Unit was formed. We need women helping women in these instances. It makes the patient much more comfortable and patient care is the highest priority of any emergency medical service. Our women were able to assist the mother with their professionalism and compassion that each of them brings to the job long before the ambulance arrived and that made all the difference," Bear said. 

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                                        Photo credit:Mark Neiman, GPO

Lien de Jong was nine when she was taken in by Bart van Es's family, BBCi

A book about a young Jewish girl who was sheltered by the author's grandparents during World War Two has won the Costa Book of the Year award.

Oxford professor Bart van Es picked up the £30,000 prize for The Cut Out Girl.

He traces the story of the Dutch girl who was taken in at the age of nine by van Es's grandparents before her own parents were sent to Auschwitz.

That girl was Lien de Jong, who is now in her mid-80s and attended Tuesday's ceremony in London.

The judges - chaired by BBC News journalist Sophie Raworth - described the book as "sensational and gripping - the hidden gem of the year".

De Jong told BBC Radio 4's Front Row she never realised her story could make such an impact.

"I'm very proud of this result and I never thought it could be a book," she said.

Van Es said: "There are two ways in which it could be a good book to have in the world.

"There's a scary way in which anti-Semitism and extreme nationalism and conspiracy theories are around in a way they weren't 10 years ago. But also another way in which it is quite a healing book."

The Costa Book of the Year was chosen from the winners from five individual categories. The Cut Out Girl won the biography prize, and the other category winners were:

This is the second work of fiction from the 27-year-old Irish author who has taken the literary world by storm.

It follows the on-off relationship between two Irish schoolfriends and won rave reviews when it was published last August. It was named the Waterstone's book of the year and is now being turned into a BBC drama.

Travel writer Turton's debut novel is a sci-fi murder mystery that channels Agatha Christie, Groundhog Day and Quantum Leap.

Its main character relives a single day eight times - each time inhabiting a different person's body as he tries to work out who has committed murder in a country house. The TV rights were sold even before it was published last February.

The Scottish poet's sixth book was inspired by his father's work as part of Bomber Command during the Cold War.

It is a single long-form poem told from the perspectives of various characters, including pilots, planes, villagers and even the bombs.

Clarry and Peter Penrose spend idyllic summers in Cornwall with their charismatic cousin Rupert - until he is sent to fight in World War One.

The story follows Clarry from birth to adulthood and centres on the characters' quests to escape both the shadow of war and the social constraints of the time.

Last year's overall winner was the late poet Helen Dunmore for her final collection, Inside the Wave. --BBCi